Applied Zoology Organizing Committee invites you to the prestigious “International Conference on Applied Zoology” which is going to be held during September 18-19, 2017 at Toronto, Canada.
Theme:” Explore and exploit the novel techniques in Applied Zoology”
International Conference on Applied Zoology aims to gather together all the leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their research experiences and results on all aspects of Zoology and Animal Sciences. It also provides a pioneer interdisciplinary platform for scientific ,wildlife researchers, and scholars to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and practical challenges encountered and discuss about the solutions adopted in the fields of Zoology and Animal Sciences.
The field of Applied Zoology excels in its research capabilities providing opportunities in diverse fields such as research on Mammalian Reproduction, Bio-activity of animals, Wildlife Ecology, Ornithology, Marine Ecology, Limnology, Environmental zoology, Parasite Immunology , Molecular Biology of other human and animal diseases, Conservation Biology, Entomology, Aquatic Biology, all branches of zoology such as physiology, cell biology, molecular biology, biochemistry, genetics, biotechnology, biostatics, bioinformatics, microbiology, immunology, endocrinology, Parasitology, enzymology, toxicology, environmental biology, aquatic biology, stem cell research on animals, marine biology vermin-technology, aquaculture and entomology stem cell culturing on animals. The International Applied Zoology provide a colloquy to the researchers and practitioners for scholarly exchange of ideas, knowledge and experiences in the field of zoology
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Track 1 - Animal Conservation
Animal Conservation is the profession of protecting domestic and animal species along with their habitats according to their origin. The need of animal conservation is to confirm that nature will be around them for the upcoming future generations to enjoy and also to identify the importance of animals and their nature for humans and other species alike. Various conservation efforts and programs undergo globally for their protection. Animal conservation has become a widely important practice due to the dangerous effects of human activity on wildlife and domestic that leads to the extinction of animals because of several reasons.
Zoological and Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis disease, disorder and injuries, treatment of farms, domestic, and non-human animals. The scope of veterinary medicine is widely covering all animal species, both domesticated and wild animals, with a wide range of conditions which can affect different species, It is widely practiced, both with and without professional supervision, Professional care is mostly led by a veterinary physician also known as a vet, veterinary surgeon or veterinarian, but it is also done by Para veterinary such as veterinary nurses or technicians. This can be reinforcing by other paraprofessionals with specific specialization such as animal physiotherapy or dentistry, and species relevant roles such as farriers. Zoological medicine includes principles of veterinary medicine, ecology, wildlife conservation, and applies them to wild animals in natural and artificial environments
Veterinary science helps human health by monitoring and controlling of zoonotic disease like infectious disease transmitted from non-human animals to humans, food safety, and indirectly causing effects of human beings from basic medical research. Veterinary scientists also help to maintain food and research supply through livestock health monitoring, treating and maintaining mental health by keeping pet’s healthy and long living. Veterinary scientists often work together with epidemiologists, other health and natural scientists depending on type of work they are doing. Ethically, veterinarians are usually obliged to look after animal welfare; in many respects a veterinarian is similar to a paediatrician.
Track 3 - Cell Biology
Cell biology is the wide study of cell structure and function, and it revolves around the concept that the cell is the basic unit of life. Focusing on the cell provides a detailed knowledge of the tissues and organisms that a cell makes. One is them is cell energy and the biochemical mechanisms that support cell metabolism. As cells are tools unto themselves, the focus on cell energy overlaps with the activity of questions of how energy first originated in original primordial cells, billions of years ago. Overall, cell biology enlighten on the structure and function of a cell, from the most general features shared by all cells, to the unique, highly internal functions particular to specialized cells. There are various main subfields within cell biology.
Track 4 - Molecular Biology
Molecular biology focuses on the molecular basis of biological activity between bio molecules in the various systems of a cell, including the desired interactions between DNA, RNA and proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions. The Molecular biology field attaches with other areas, particularly genetics and biochemistry. In this area scientists use specific techniques native to molecular biology but increasingly compile these with techniques and innovative ideas from genetics and biochemistry. The Molecular biology studies the flow of information from DNA to RNA to protein.
Track 5 - Biodiversity
Biodiversity is the diversity of life. It refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and the ecological and evolutionary processes, it includes not only the species that we are consider rare, threatened, or endangered, but every living thing—even organisms we still know little about it, such as microbes, fungi, and invertebrates. Biodiversity is important in everywhere like species and habitats in your area as well as those in distant lands all play a role in maintaining healthy ecosystems. It is the foundation of ecosystem favours to which human well-being is normally linked. At the highest level, you can look at all the different species on the entire Earth. On a smaller scale, you can study biodiversity within a pond ecosystem. Identifying and understanding the association between all the lives on Earth are some of the biggest challenges in science. Earth is more complex, dynamic, and diverse than the layer of living organisms that occupy its surfaces and its seas. It is an evaluation of the variety of organisms which are present in different ecosystems. It can refer to genetic variation, or species variation, ecosystem variation, within an area, biome and planet too. We need biodiversity to satisfy basic needs like food, drinking water, fuel, shelter, and medicine that we are using. Ecosystems are being rapidly altered, and the planet is undergoing a massive loss of biodiversity. The Earth has always being experienced changes and extinctions, the current changes are occurring uncertainly. Still more sobering and most threats to biodiversity are caused by human activity.
Animal Bioscience is the study of animal’s biology under the control of humankind, historically, the degree was called animal husbandry and the studies of animals were livestock species like cattle, sheep, guine pigs, poultry, rabbits and horses. Now look at a far broader area to include companion animals like dogs and cats, and many exotic species, the animals are used in as production of antibiotics as a livestock, also used in research industries for drug discovery, breeding the animals etc.
Track 7 - Evolutionary Developmental Biology
Evolutionary developmental biology is the comparative study of original development and how it has evolved. There is a particular focus on the genetically basis of phenotypic structures, how they change during evolution, and how novel structures arises during evolution. Evolutionary developmental biology, now often known as “evo-devo,” it is the study of the relationship between evolution and development of animals. The relation between evolution and development has been researching from past many years, but however, in recent years the genes that control development have begun to be identified. How the developmental changes in genes, such as changes in their spatial or temporal expression in the embryo, are associated with changes in adult morphology. The origin of a set of genes controlling and their development may have opened up new and more flexible ways in which evolution could occurs , life may have become more “evolvable.”
8 - Soil Zoology
Soil zoology is the study of various animals living fully or partially in the soil called soil fauna. Soil communities are extremely complex, with millions of species and billions of individual organisms are being found within a single ecosystem, ranging from fungi and microscopic bacteria, through to larger organisms, such as earthworms, ants and moles. It also provides knowledge of microbial and faunal activity and ecology in soil, soil biota, soil fauna, or these organisms include earthworms, nematodes, fungi, bacteria and different arthropods, protozoa. Soil biology plays a very important and key role in understanding many soil characteristics. They have a major role in shaping aboveground biodiversity and the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, the decomposition of organic matter by soil organisms like nitrogen fixing organisms which has an immense impact on soil fertility, plant growth, soil morphology, and carbon storage. As supportively new science, which are many remains unknown about the soil biology and their impact and various effects on soil ecosystems.
Track 9 - Comparative Zoology
It is the branch of biology which deals with the animals and animal life and also includes the study of their classification, development, structure, physiology, of animals along with the life of a particular animal over an area or period. It is nearly related to developmental biology and phylogeny (evolution of species) comparative anatomy is the study of various similarities and differences in the anatomy of different species of an ecosystem.
Comparative anatomy provides an evidence for evolution which shows that various organisms share a common ancestor. Also, it helps scientists in classifying organisms which possess similar characteristics and features of their anatomical structures.
Track 10 - Entomology
It is the branch of zoology which includes the study of insects, and by the definition of entomology it includes the study of various different earthly animals in other arthropod groups or other phyla, which includes land snails ,arachnids, arthropod, earthworms, and slugs.
Like several of the different fields which are distributed within zoology, entomology is a taxon based category which focuses of scientific study on insect and their related groups. Hence entomology therefore overlaps with a cross section of topics as diverse as molecular genetics, behavior, biochemistry, systematic, physiology, developmental biology, ecology, morphology.
Track 11 - Aqua Gamete
It is Assessing and Improving the Quality of Aquatic Animal Gametes and To Enhance Aquatic Resources - The Need, The Harmonize And Standardize Evolving Methodologies, Improve Transfer From Academia To Industry. Fish gametes demonstrated a rapid development of methodologies that encompass extensive opportunities for promising use in basic reproductive biology, genetic research, biotechnological and aquaculture practices. All of these methodology’s can have far-reaching consequences on conservation of endangered species, assessment of anthropogenic and climatic impacts on aquatic species and their application in aquaculture, as well as in fisheries management also . In particular, it has been recognized that there are many highly diverting details in the practical application of aqua gamete of these new methods used by most scientists and laboratories, which can cause highly variable if not contradicting results, even using the same species.
There is an emergency or urgency need towards a universal scale to assess the both precise state of sexual maturation (for secure brood stock use) and related life history traits (gamete quality assessment, incubation of eggs) in teleost fish and on other commercially important invertebrates that are used in either bioassays of aquaculture.
Different variety of instruments and techniques are used in biological studies, some of them are quite complex in nature. Scientific progress is directly related to the advancement in modern instruments and techniques. Knowledge of the instruments working principles is necessary to make optimal use of them
Advanced Laboratory Techniques in Zoology includes mainly the principle and applications of, centrifugation, Filtration, chromosome painting different Microscopes like Scanning and Transmission Electron microscope, Micro-photography, Micrometry, Chromatography, Spectrophotometry, Electrophoresis by using Agars and PAGE medium, Southern and Northern Blotting techniques in analysis. Advanced Techniques in Biochemistry are widely used for isolation, Extraction, Precipitation and estimation of Amino acids, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic acids and the study of enzyme activity in animals. Histological sectioning , staining In pathology of animals and Molecular Biology techniques like Vector isolation, Gene insertion, Recombinant DNA Production, Gene amplification by PCR, DNA and vector purification, Preparation of genomic libraries and sub-cloning using plasmids, These also include vectors from biotechnical techniques are widely used in Zoology. Immunological techniques like Radioimmunoassay, ELISA, Development of vaccines, Aseptic culture techniques, from microbiology like bacterial growth, isolation and identification of bacteria as well as Use of Statistical Methods are commonly used techniques in Zoology Research.
Track 13 - Regeneration in Zoology
Regeneration in zoology signifies the reproduction natural restoration, of the body parts, whether externally or internally, lost by injury. This power of renewal in all living creatures belongs to some degree, and is one of the distinguishing features of organic, from inorganic nature. A broken crystal may rebuild itself when it is allowed to remain it for a suitable time in a saturated solution of the mineral or chemicals of which it consists; but this renewal is accomplished wholly by external accretion of new material, whereas an animal regenerates its lost parts wholly by supplies the ordinary process of food-assimilation and growth.
This power is most manifest, as might be predicted, in the animals of the simplest organization, and in those most exposed to serious mutations, and decreases in a varying scale as organisms become more and more complex, until in the higher vertebrates (except lizards), it is limited to the healing of wounds. This is what surgeons call grafting, that is, the organic attachment of new flesh to old, as when detached skin is placed over a flayed surface, might be classified here, but it is an artificial regeneration
Among such lowly animals as protozoans, cœlenterates, echinoderms and worms, the power of regeneration is very much importance and great, although it appears much inequality and with some strange irregularities; among crustaceans it is strong in some groups and among the vertebrates it is confined mainly to the amphibians and the lizards.