Advances in Environmental Microbiology
Environmental microbiology is the study of the structure and physiology and chemical conditions of microbial groups in the environment. The environment microbiology includes the soil, water, air and sediments covering the planet and can also include the animals and plants that inhabit these areas. It also comprises the study of microorganisms that occur in artificial environments such as bioreactors
Microorganisms are cost effective agents for in-situ remediation of agricultural, domestic and industrial wastes, subsurface pollution in soils, sediments and marine environments. The capacity of each microorganism to degrade toxic waste depends on the nature of each contaminant. The most effective approach to microbial bio degradation is to use a mixture of bacterial species/strains, each specific to the degradation of one or more types of contaminants. It is vital to monitor the composition of the indigenous and added bacterial consortium in order to evaluate the activity level of the bacteria, and to permit modifications of the nutrients and other conditions for optimizing the bio remediation process.